All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.


Should cyclothymia be considered as a specific and distinct bipolar disorder?

Author(s): Elie Hantouche, Giulio Perugi

Current research is mainly focused on ‘classical episodic’ forms of bipolar disorder (I and II). Despite its historical roots, cyclothymia is still neglected among the bipolar spectrum disorders. Contrary to DSM definition, based on the recurrence of low-grade episodes, cyclothymia is better defined as an exaggeration of cyclothymic temperament: early onset, complex temperament structure, high mood instability and reactivity, and rapid switching. Current epidemiological and clinical research has demonstrated the high prevalence and the validity of cyclothymia as a distinct form of bipolarity. In this article, the authors discuss their own clinical research and expertise on the understanding and medical management of cyclothymia. This is the beginning of challenging work concerning psychoeducation, clinical, phamacological and genetic research.


Share this       

antalya escort

izmir rus escort

bursa escort bayan

antalya escort bayanlar

izmir escort

porno indir

porno izle

beşiktaş escort

eskişehir escort

burdur escort

bartın escort


türk takipçi satın al

izmir escort

bursa escort

türk porno

escort bayan

yabanci porno

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

instagram beğeni satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

takipçi satın alma


panel smm

takipçi satın al instagram

smm panel

ataköy escort

izmit escort

Ledger Live desktop: Your secure gateway to crypto. Secure your assets with confidence using Ledger Live desktop. Experience a secure gateway that prioritizes the safety of your digital assets, providing peace of mind.