Psychometric Properties of the Caregiver Inventory for Measuring Caregiving Self-Efficacy of Caregivers of Patients with Palliative Care NeedsAuthor(s): Doris YP Leung Helen YL Chan, Carmen WH Chan, Joseph SK Kwan, Susan ZM Yau, Patrick KC Chiu, Raymond SK Lo, Larry LY Lee
Taking care of patients with palliative care needs could be a stressful event. While caregiving was associated with decreases in psychological health in caregivers, increased caregiving self-efficacy associated with reduced burden. Yet, there is no instrument available in Chinese for assessing caregiving self-efficacy in the palliative care setting. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of Caregiver Inventory (CGI) in Chinese caregivers of patients with palliative care needs. The CGI was translated to the Chinese language, validated by an expert panel, and tested. A convenience sample of 232 patient-caregiver dyads recruited from three hospitals in Hong Kong was included in the analysis. A high completion rate of 95.5% in caregivers and no floor or ceiling effects were noted for the CGI. In contrast to the four-factor structure identified in the original 21- item CGI, our EFA produced an 18-item solution accounting for 57% of the total variation comprising three factors: (1) Care of the care recipient, (2) Managing information and self-care, and (3) Managing emotional interaction with care recipient (C-CGI-18). Separate dimensions for Managing information and Self-care were not supported. For the three domains of the C-CGI-18, Cronbach’s alphas ranged from 0.84 to 0.90 and 2-week testretest reliability ranged from 0.71 to 0.76. Correlations of the three domains with caregiver strain (r: -0.31 to -0.42, p-values<0.01) and total scores in perceived social support (r: 0.24 to 0.36, p-values<0.01). Correlation between the Care of the care recipient domain and patient’s physical functioning (r=0.17, p-value<0.05) indicated acceptable construct validity. In conclusion, the C-CGI-18 has suitable factor structure and psychometric properties for use in assessing caregiving self-efficacy among Chinese caregivers of patients with palliative care needs. It is simply and easy to use and can be recommended for clinical and research practice for the Hong Kong Chinese populations.