All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.


Population characteristics and behavior of caffeinated alcoholic beverage consumption

Author(s): Wan-Ju Cheng

Background: Caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) consumption has been suggested to be associated with adverse health outcomes. There are various CAB drinking behaviors and CAB is consumed by populations like the underage, soldiers, and Taiwanese manual workers. Their drinking patterns may lead to different health effects, but CAB drinking behaviors have never been reviewed.

Methods: We performed systemic qualitative review to literatures about population characteristics and drinking behavior of CAB consumption, and compared them between users in Western countries and Taiwanese manual workers.

Results: CAB consumption was more prevalent in young male, and those with risk-taking tendency. Lower socioeconomic status was associated with CAB consumption in Taiwan but not in Western countries. Compared to college students in Western countries, Taiwanese manual workers drink CAB with a higher frequency and cumulative amount of alcohol, but with lower episodic drinking amount. Drinking motives were alcohol intoxication facilitation among college students but to boost energy and socializing among Taiwanese manual workers.

Conclusions: CAB consumption behaviors varied across different populations and should be taken into account in researching for the causal relationship between CAB consumption and health outcomes.

Full-Text | PDF

Share this       

antalya escort

izmir rus escort

bursa escort bayan

antalya escort bayanlar

izmir escort

porno indir

porno izle

beşiktaş escort

eskişehir escort

burdur escort

bartın escort


türk takipçi satın al

izmir escort

bursa escort

türk porno

escort bayan

yabanci porno

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

instagram beğeni satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

takipçi satın alma


panel smm

takipçi satın al instagram

smm panel

ataköy escort

izmit escort

Ledger Live desktop: Your secure gateway to crypto. Secure your assets with confidence using Ledger Live desktop. Experience a secure gateway that prioritizes the safety of your digital assets, providing peace of mind.