All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Abstract

Incidence and Risk of Alcohol Use Disorders by Age, Gender and Poverty Status: A Population-Based-10 Year Follow-Up Study

Author(s): Chun-Te Lee, Chiu-Yueh Hsiao, Yi-Chyan Chen, Oswald Ndi Nfor,Jing-Yang Huang, Lee Wang, Yung-Po Liaw

Abstract

Background: To investigate the association between low-income and alcohol use disorders (AUD) among
different age and gender groups.


Methods and Findings: Data were collected from the national health insurance research database. Participants were divided into 0-17, 18-44, 45-64, and ≥65 age groups. AUD was assessed based on the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM). Cox
proportional hazard regression analyses were made based on gender, age, and low-income. AUDs were more common in the 18-64 age categories of low-income individuals, that is, 2.32% in men aged 45-64 and 0.65% in women aged 18-44. The hazard ratios (HRs) and attributable risk percent (AR%) of AUD were higher in women than men except for the 0-17 age group. The HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were 4.76 (2.34-9.67), 2.66 (2.14-3.30), 3.50 (2.50-4.90), 1.50 (0.55-4.06) in men, and 3.23 (1.35-7.69), 4.10 (2.95-5.70), 8.49 (4.08-17.69), and 17.18 (4.66-63.30) in women aged 0-17, 18-44, 45-64, and ≥65 years, respectively. The AR% was 79.0%, 62.3%, 71.5%, and 33.3% in men, and 69.5%, 75.6%, 88.2%, and 94.2% in women of ages 0-17,
18-44, 45-64, and ≥65, respectively.

Conclusions: Low-income was found to be a risk factor for alcohol use disorders in men and women. In general, the incidence rates were higher in men compared to women.


Full-Text | PDF

Share this       

antalya escort

izmir rus escort

bursa escort bayan

antalya escort bayanlar

izmir escort

porno indir

porno izle

mobil porno

eskişehir escort

burdur escort

bartın escort

havalandırma

türk takipçi satın al

smmabi.com

takipbonus.com

izmir escort

bursa escort

türk porno

escort bayan

yabanci porno

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

instagram beğeni satın al

instagram takipçi kazan

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

smm panel

instagram takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi hilesi

tiktok takipçi hilesi

türk takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al spotify

tiktok takipçi satın alma

ucuz takipçi satın al

tiktok takipçi satın al

instagram unfollow

paper io

agario

oversatt

Elektronik Sigara