All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Abstract

Chinese Version of Groningen Frailty Index: Validation in a Chinese Elderly Population

Author(s): Ray-Ling Luh, Shu Yu, Cheng-Hung Yang

Objective

Early recognition and assessment of frailty status in elderly is essential for clinical treatment. The standard frailty assessment tools normally include a comprehensive but timeconsuming geriatric assessment requiring special training. We translated the Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI), a 15-item frailty screening tool, into Chinese language and validated the translated version.

Methods

The English version GFI was translated into Chinese following the Brislin’s forward and backward translation model, and validated in a group of community-dwelling elderly. Content validity index (CVI), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were used to evaluate the content validity and construct validity, respectively. A total of 331 participants were recruited for construct validity and 54 of them were interviewed twice for the use of test-retest reliability. All statistical analyses were calculated using SPSS 18.0 for Windows.

Results

The Chinese GFI demonstrated excellent test-retest reliability. The I-CVI values ranged from 0.83 to 1.0, and the S-CVI was 0.98. The EFA yielded a 4-factor structure and subsequent CFA results were satisfactory. Individual linear regressions showed that gender, age and marital status were associated with frailty.

Conclusion

The Chinese GFI is a valid and specific screening tool for frailty in Chinese population. A priority of preventive care in very old subjects is recommended with distinguished strategies in different genders according to our findings. Further investigation of possible reasons of lower frailty prevalence in Chinese population and necessity of additional items to increase sensitivity of the tool are warranted.


Full-Text | PDF

Share this       

antalya escort

izmir rus escort

bursa escort bayan

antalya escort bayanlar

izmir escort

porno indir

porno izle

mobil porno

eskişehir escort

burdur escort

bartın escort

havalandırma

türk takipçi satın al

smmabi.com

takipbonus.com

izmir escort

bursa escort

türk porno

escort bayan

yabanci porno

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

instagram beğeni satın al

instagram takipçi kazan

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

smm panel

instagram takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi hilesi

tiktok takipçi hilesi

türk takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al spotify

tiktok takipçi satın alma

ucuz takipçi satın al

tiktok takipçi satın al

instagram keşfet satın al

instagram unfollow

paper io

agario

oversatt

Elektronik Sigara