All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Abstract

A Pilot Study in Modeling Mood Disorders in Mice by Chronic Tail-Suspension Stress

Author(s): Chun-Sheng Ruan, Yi Guo, Larisa Bobrovskaya, Xin-Fu Zhou, Yue-Qin Zeng

Chronic stress has been known as a main cause for human mood disorders. The understanding of the pathogenesis of the mood disorders are primarily based on the usage of animal models. Low reproducibility and complicacy of production are commonly known shortcomings in the current models with chronic stress. Here, we tested a simple stress paradigm, daily exposure of 6-min tail-suspension (TS), in modelling chronic stress-induced mood disorders in mice. We found that after 2-3-weeks of TS stress mice displayed a significant decrease in exploratory behavior, increases in anxiety-like and depression-like behaviors as well as significant decreases of NeuN and GFAP levels in the hippocampus. We also found that longer exposure of mice to TS stress (up to 4 weeks) resulted in significant adaptation of these responses and reversal of most of the behavioural and biochemical changes. This study suggests that chronic TS stress for 2-3 weeks could be used as a model of mood disorders.


Full-Text | PDF

Share this       

antalya escort

izmir rus escort

bursa escort bayan

antalya escort bayanlar

izmir escort

porno indir

porno izle

mobil porno

eskişehir escort

burdur escort

bartın escort

havalandırma

türk takipçi satın al

smmabi.com

takipbonus.com

izmir escort

bursa escort

türk porno

escort bayan

yabanci porno

takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

instagram takipçi satın al

instagram beğeni satın al

adana escort

takipçi satın alma

izmir escort

konya escort

instagram takipçi satın al

porno

instagram takipçi satın al

takipçi satın al

spotify takipçi

tiktok takipçi satın al

instagram keşfet satın al

escort feke

takipçi satın al instagram

takipçi instagram satın al

eskişehir bayan escort

bursa escort bayan

smm gerçek panel

etiler escort

soğanlı escort

erenköy escort

maslak escort

küçükyalı escort

ortaköy escort

bostancı escort

taksim escort

çağlayan escort

eyüpsultan escort

kozyatağı escort

nişantaşı escort

anadolu yakası escort

avrupa yakası escort

bahçelievler escort

silivri escort

kadıköy escort

beylikdüzü escort

şile escort

esenler escort

paper io

agario

oversatt

Elektronik Sigara