Case Report - Neuropsychiatry (2017) Volume 7, Issue 3

Cervical Rib and Possible Neurological Complications

Corresponding Author:
Te-Chun Shen, MD
Department of Internal Medicine
China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404, Taiwan
Telephone: +886-4-22052121, ext 3485
Fax number: +886-4-22038883
E-mail: chestshen@gmail.com

Abstract

A chest radiograph performed during a health check-up of a 42-year-old woman showed a near normal appearance; however, there was an asymmetric bony structure in the right upper quarter, which connects with the cervical vertebrae. There was no pain, numbness or tingling, muscles wasting or weakness, or cold hands, swelling, or blanching. The lady had no specific complaints and her physical examination was unremarkable.

Keywords

Cervical rib, Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), Radiography

Case Scene

A chest radiograph performed during a health check-up of a 42-year-old woman showed a near normal appearance; however, there was an asymmetric bony structure in the right upper quarter, which connects with the cervical vertebrae (Figure 1). There was no pain, numbness or tingling, muscles wasting or weakness, or cold hands, swelling, or blanching. The lady had no specific complaints and her physical examination was unremarkable.

neuropsychiatry-Chest-radiograph

Figure 1: Chest radiograph shows an asymmetric bony structure in the right upper quarter, indicating a right cervical rib (arrows).

In the present case, a right cervical rib, which arises from the seventh cervical vertebra, can be seen. Cervical rib is estimated to be 0.5-1% prevalence in the general population [1]. Although cervical ribs are usually asymptomatic, they can cause thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) by compression of the brachial plexus or subclavian vessels [2]. TOS is usually classified into arterial, venous, and neurogenic types and neurogenic TOS is the most common, accounting for >90% of patients [3]. TOS may lead to severe and irreversible complications such as muscle wasting, stroke, and critical ischemic limb [4,5]. A careful musculoskeletal, neurological, and peripheral vascular examination is required for these patients.

Competing interests

There are no competing interests.

Contributor-ship

Wei-Tse Hsia, Chun-Han Liao, and Te-Chun Shen wrote the report. Te-Chun Shen provided the picture and planned the report.

References

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