Construct validity of the Empowerment Scale in patients with schizophrenia

Author(s): Chih-Ping Li, En-Chi Chiu

The Empowerment Scale contains eight domains that are divided into three subscales. The sum score of the three individual subscales represents three different aspects of empowerment (i.e., second-order models), such as personal, interpersonal, and social political aspects. The total score of the eight domains reflect the overall empowerment status (i.e., third-order factor). However, factor structures of the Empowerment Scale have not been evaluated in patients with schizophrenia in Taiwan. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to examine construct validity (i.e., one 8-factor model [first-order], three second-order models, and one third-order model) of the Empowerment Scale using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).

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